Crawford Stewardship Project works to protect the environment of Crawford County and neighboring regions from threats of polluting and extractive industries, to promote sustainable land use, environmental justice, and local control of natural resources

Crawford Stewardship Project is a nonprofit organization.
Donations are tax deductible.

Support CSP
Send a check to:
Crawford Stewardship Project
P.O. Box 284
Gays Mills, WI 54631


Crawford Stewardship Project is grateful for the generous support of RESIST, Inc. RESIST funds and supports grassroots groups organizing on the frontlines of the peace, economic, social, and environmental justice movements.

“We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect.” ~Aldo Leopold, A Sand County Almanac

"CAFOs are only profitable because so much of the cost and damage is externalized onto the environment, neighbors and wildlife. The monitoring, supervision, clean-up, restitution, fines are not happening, thus the true cost of CAFOs never find the way onto the balance books." Talking point from the CAFO Conference.

“A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.”
~Aldo Leopold, 1948. A Sand County Almanac.

Research and Articles

Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking)

The Sky is Pink
A short video from Josh Fox (of "Gasland" and "Gasland II" fame) on the "debate" around this industry. We highly recommend his Gasland videos, but this 18 minute video says a lot by itself about the high levels of well casing failures and industry denial efforts.

Hydraulic Fracturing & Water Stress:
Water Demand by the Numbers
A Ceres Report (2014)

Industrial Sand Mining (Frac Sand Mining)
Non-occupational exposure to silica dust
Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Study (2012)
Danger In the Air
Silica Particles from Frac Sand Mining Put Tens of Thousands at Risk
Environmental Working Group (2014)

The Rapid Industrialization of Frac Sand
Impacts on Communities and the Importance of Local Control
Food and Water Watch Issue Brief (2014)

Environmental Impacts of Aggregate and Stone Mining
A New Mexico Case Study (a bit old and there are some different environmental considerations here, but overall still relevant and one of the more comprehensive overviews of environmental impacts on air and water we have)
Center for Science in Public Participation (2004)

Groundwater and Industrial Sand Mining
Common questions and answers "straight from the horse's mouth". Comprehensive and telling. Wisconsin Industrial Sand Association (2013)

Tools to Assist Local Governments in Planning for and Regulating Silica Sand Projects
While the Wisconsin legislature is busy trying to remove as much local control as possible from frac sand mines, Minnesota has actually released a long and very useful guide for local municipalities to wishing to draft their own ordinances to regulate the industry. This is very applicable for villages and townships in Wisconsin as well.
Minnesota Environmental Quality Board (2014)

Frack sand mining boom: silica dust, air quality and human health
Article from 2012.  EOG failing to pay fines of $100, citizen monitoring revealing silica dust levels over EPA limits, while the DNR continues to measure for particles that are too large and denies there is a problem...

The Economics of Frac Sand Mining
What does the research suggest?
The available research on U.S. mining impacts on local communities points to three general conclusions:
~ Land prices tend to be depressed close to the mines and haul routes.
~ Jobs tend to be fewer but higher paying and the low skill jobs tend to be taken by low skilled less educated in-migrants.
~ Mining dependent local economies tend to be more unstable and as such less likely to experience spin-off development.
UW Extension

Factory Farming (CAFOs)

Purdue University Extension
Many quality peer reviewed documents on many aspects of industrialized animal production

Sierra Club (Michigan Chapter)
Good short factsheets on CAFOs, what they are, and how they operate.

The Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production recommends solutions to the problems created by concentrated animal feeding operations in four primary areas: public health, the environment, animal welfare, and rural communities. Established through a grant from The Pew Charitable Trusts to The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Factory Farms - Articles from Family Farm Defenders

Taxpayer Subsidized Manure Digesters Stimulate Factory Farm Pollution by John Kinsman, Family Farm Defenders 3/14/10

Local letter from Gene Pulera (Richmond Township, Walworth County) with a proposal made to the DNR to ban center pivot liquid manure "irrigation" systems until the health issues are explored
Proposal re Public Health and the Use of Spray Irrigation for Liquid Manure Disposal (including Center Pivots)

Investigative series on Factory Farms by Ron Seely, Wisconsin State Journal

The Power to Pollute
Big Agribusinessís Political Dominance in Madison and Its Impact on Our Waterways Wisconsin Environment Research and Police Center (2014)

Antibiotic Resistance
The Need for Global Solutions
The Lancet Infectious Diseases Commission (2013)

Health Impacts of Industrial Agriculture
Investigating the Role of State Permitting and Agriculture Agencies in Addressing Public Health Concerns Related to Industrial Food Animal Production Johns Hopkins Center for a Liveable Future (2014)

Map of WI Counties with CAFOs 2012

CAFO, the tragedy of industrial animal factories
Read essays, see images, and learn what you can do to change the food system for the better on the website for this powerful book (all 400 pages of which can be yours for a mere $50).